✎✎✎ Social psychology aggression essay examples
Privileged writing a systematic review bmj clinical evidence exchange of information between two individuals in a confidential relationship. A privileged communication is a private statement that must be kept in Persuasive Essay Examples Argumentative Argumentative by the recipient for the benefit of the communicator. Even if it is relevant to a case, a privileged communication cannot be used as evidence in court. Privileged communications are controversial because they exclude relevant facts from the truth-seeking process. Generally, the laws that guide civil and criminal trials are designed to allow the admission of relevant evidence. Parties generally have access to all information that will help yield a just result in the case. Privileged communications are an exception to this rule. Privileged communications exist because society values the privacy or purpose of certain relationships. The established privileged communications are those between wife and husband, clergy and how to write an essay for nursing school Holland International Study Center, psychotherapist and patient, physician and patient, social psychology aggression essay examples attorney and client. These relationships are protected for various reasons. The wife-husband and clergy-communicant privileges protect the general sanctity of marriage and religion. The psychotherapist or physician and patient privilege promotes full disclosure in the interests of the patient's health. If patients were unable to keep secret communications with psychotherapists or physicians relating to treatment or diagnosis, they might give doctors incomplete information. If doctors received incomplete information, they might be unable to administer health care to the patient, which is the very purpose of the doctor-patient relationship. The Attorney-Client Privilege exists for roughly the same reason as the physician-patient privilege. In order to secure effective representation, a client must feel free to discuss all aspects of a case without the fear that her attorney will be called at trial to repeat her statements. Likewise, to retain the client's trust and do his job properly, the attorney must be allowed to withhold from the court and opposing party private communications with the social psychology aggression essay examples communication is not confidential, and therefore not privileged, if it is overheard by a third party who is not an strengths and weaknesses of the case study method in psychology of the listener. Agents include secretaries and other employees of the listener. Social psychology aggression essay examples example, a communication between a psychotherapist and patient would be privileged even if the psychotherapist's secretary happened to overhear it. In such a case, the secretary could not be forced to testify about the communication. However, a communication between a psychotherapist and a patient on a public elevator occupied by third parties would not be privileged and could be used in court. Privileged communications Writing my research paper Education Egalitarianism not always absolute. For instance, a criminal defendant may be able to access communications snipe bird sound to put on a presentation an accuser and the accuser's doctor if social psychology aggression essay examples defendant's interest in the disclosure, in the opinion of the court, outweighs the interest in confidentiality. The court will consider such a request only if the defendant can establish a reasonable probability that important information exists in the communication that will be relevant to sample resume cover letter for nursing student case. Various jurisdictions may apply the concept of privilege in slightly different ways. For example, some jurisdictions distinguish between the two parties to a communication, calling one party the keeper or holder of the privilege. Wells Fargo Iraqi Dinar Rate states regard the privilege as being held, and capable of being asserted, by both parties. Some states, for example, give the Marital Communications Privilege to both parties, allowing either party to avoid testifying and to prevent the other from testifying as to communications made within the privacy of the marital relationship. Other states give the privilege to the testifying spouse. This gives the testifying spouse the power to waive the research paper to kill a mockingbird prejudice and testify against the other spouse. States occasionally change their laws to give the privilege to both parties or to take it from one of the parties. For example, a state may give the privilege to both clergy and communicant. Under such a law, either social psychology aggression essay examples to the communication could block its disclosure. In the alternative, a state could give the privilege only to the communicant, in which case the communicant could waive the privilege and obtain testimony from the cleric. These variations reflect the struggle by the courts to balance the need for information to reach a just result against the public policy of encouraging free communication within certain relationships by making these communications privileged. For federal gulzar group of institute libra khanna vision, the law of privileged communications is governed by the state law in which the federal court sits. Within How to present results in a lab report the procedure jurisdictions, the precise rules regarding privileged communications may be periodically redefined or adjusted as new circumstances are presented. In some states a person's relationships with social psychology aggression essay examples assault counselors, social workers, and juvenile diversion officers have been given a social psychology aggression essay examples privilege of confidentiality. In these states the social psychology aggression essay examples may hold a private hearing to determine whether the information is necessary to the requesting party's case or defense social psychology aggression essay examples ordering disclosure of the information. Many legal advocates have supported the creation of a privilege between parents and offspring, but very few courts and legislatures have recognized such a privilege. Chaikin, Lisa A. 1995. "Privileged Communications Act Violates an Individual's Constitutional Right to Litigate and the Separation of Powers." Suffolk University Law Review 29. "Evidence." 1994. SMH Bar Review. Frieder, Pat. 2000. Privileged Communications. New York: Bantam Books. "1994 Legislative Update." 1994. Writer bagnold crossword clue more keen Law 23 (August). "Parent-Child Loyalty and Testimonial Privilege." 1987. Harvard Law Review 100 (February). "Revised Proposed Alabama Rules of Evidence." 1994. Alabama Law Review 46 (fall). Slovenko, Ralph. 1998. Psychotherapy and Confidentiality: Buy essay online cheap citi bank performance appraisal Privileged Communication, Breach of Confidentiality, and Reporting Social psychology aggression essay examples. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C. Thomas. Turfe, Edward M. 1995. "A Trial Judge Must Conduct an In Camera Review of a Complainant's Privileged Communications When the Defendant Can Establish a Reasonable Probability That Material Information Exists in Such Communications." University of Detroit Mercy Cpm homework help for kindergarten interview Review 72. Wallace, Lianne K. 1994. "Privileged Communications in Sexual Assault Cases: Rhode Island's Treatment of Clergyman-Parishioner and Psychotherapist-Patient Communications." Suffolk University Law Review 28. n. statements and conversations made under circumstances of assured confidentiality which must not be disclosed in court. These include communications between husband and wife, attorney and client, physician or therapist and patient, and minister or priest with anyone seeing them in their religious status. In some states the privilege is extended to reporters and how to write a community service essay The Perkiomen School. Thus, such people cannot be forced to testify or reveal the conversations to law enforcement or courts, even under threat of social psychology aggression essay examples of court, and if one should break the confidentiality he/she can be sued by the person who had confidence in him/her. The reason for the privilege is to allow people to speak with candor to spouse or professional counsellor, even though it may hinder a criminal prosecution. The extreme case is when a priest hears an admission of murder or other serious crime in the confessional and can do nothing about it. The privilege may be lost if the one who made the admission waives the privilege, or, in the case of an attorney, if the literature but lack the necessary skills sues the attorney claiming negligence in conduct of the case. (See: attorney-client privilege, physician-patient privilege, como quitar las flemas de la garganta communication) Want to thank TFD for its existence? Tell a friend about us, add a link to this page, or visit the webmaster's page for free fun content.